Tutorial about fluorescence measurements with the Photosynthesis Yield Analyzer MINI-PAM-II

In the tutorial both technical and physiological aspects of fluorescence measurements are discussed: technical parameters like light intensity, modulation frequency, pulse length, etc. on the one hand and physiological parameters like dark time and actinic light range on the other hand. Understanding these parameters allows the user to design experiments with confidence.

Here you can find detailed information about MINI-PAM-II.